The cougar also commonly known by other names including mountain lion and puma, is a large felid of the subfamily Felinae native to the American continent.
The cougar is an ambush predator that pursues a wide variety of prey. Primary food sources are ungulates, particularly deer. This cat prefers habitats with dense underbrush and rocky areas for stalking, but can also live in open areas. The cougar is territorial and survives at low population densities.
Cougars are slender and agile. They are the fourth-largest cat species worldwide; adults stand about 60 to 90 cm tall at the shoulders. Adult males are around 2.4 m long from nose to tail tip, and females average 2.05 m, Of this length, the tail typically accounts for 63 to 95 cm. Males generally weigh 53 to 100 kg, averaging 68 kg. Females typically weigh between 29 and 64 kg, averaging 55 kg.
A successful generalist predator, the cougar will eat any animal it can catch, from small mammals to large ungulates. Like other cats, it is an obligate carnivore, meaning it must feed on meat to survive. The mean weight of vertebrate prey (MWVP) that pumas attack increases with the puma’s body weight; Its most important prey species are various deer species, particularly in North America.